Germany sees 'overwhelming' sales of Hitler's Mein Kampf - BBC News
The text was not discovered until when the typed manuscript was discovered in the US National Archives among the millions of pages of documents seized by the United States after the end of World War II. Mein Kampf was not an immediate best seller.
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The first edition of 10, copies largely sold out and a second edition was published, but sales quickly slackened thereafter. This quickly changed in , when the Nazi Party made huge gains in the parliamentary elections. In , the Nazis held only 12 seats in the German parliament Reichstag out of almost In , they captured seats, and in summer , seats, becoming the largest political party represented there.
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Sales of Mein Kampf increased accordingly. By late , almost , copies had been sold. Following Hitler's appointment as German chancellor on January 30, , Mein Kampf 's popularity soared and made the author a multi-millionaire.
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That year alone more than , copies were sold. Through aggressive marketing the publisher pressured the public, German institutions, and Nazi organizations to purchase copies. The Nazi propaganda machine's transformation of Adolf Hitler from a common German soldier and politician into an infallible, god-like leader greatly boosted sales as well.
By the end of , more than 12 million copies had been printed; most of them after To increase sales, the Nazi publishing house created special or commemorative editions, including ones in braille, for newlyweds, and for Hitler's 50th birthday in In addition, it authorized translations of the book into various languages, including English. Following Nazi Germany's defeat in May , the Allies began to systematically remove Nazi propaganda including books, maps, films, statues, flags, and symbols from libraries, universities, stores, buildings, and city streets.
According to the directives laid out at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences of Allied leaders, Germany was to be purged of militarism and Nazism so that it could be transformed into a democratic society that would never threaten world peace. In keeping with these policies, Allied occupation officials removed Mein Kampf and other Nazi texts from circulation and prohibited their re-publication.
American authorities subsequently transferred the copyright to the Bavarian government, which used its legal power to prevent the re-issuing of Hitler's book in Germany and elsewhere, with the exception of the English-language versions. In spite of its efforts, the Bavarian government was never able to fully stop the reprinting of Mein Kampf. It has been published in a variety of languages in hard copy and in electronic form on the Internet. On midnight of December 31, , the copyright for Mein Kampf expired, ending the Bavarian government's official control over the book. In preparation for this deadline, Germany's respected Institute for Contemporary History in Munich has published a critical edition of the work, which contextualizes Hitler's ideas and details the tragic role Nazi racial ideology played in the Holocaust.
Aronsfeld, Caesar C. Barnes, James J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Jahrgang , Heft 2, — Breitman, Richard. New York: Enigma, Hammer, Hermann. Jahrgang , Heft 2, April, — Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf. Translated by Ralph Manheim.
Adolf Hitler: Excerpts from Mein Kampf
Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, After the failure that was the Beer Hall Putch in which Hitler and a group of men tried to overthrow the Bavarian government, he was sentenced to 5 years in jail for treason. He used this time to dictate his book to Rudolf Hess and it was eventually published in two volumes, respectively in and If other European countries had taken Hitler seriously at the time and read this book they would have known what plans Hitler had for the expansion of Germany. He painted the Jews as a threat, with a conspiracy to take over the world.
He also emphasizes that before he went to Vienna, he was very tolerant toward Jews as he had not met any Jews previously. He claims to have only changed his mind later on and then describes his Aryan philosophy in detail. Hitler divided humans into several categories, depending on physical appearance, to determine the different types of humans.